chemical constituents of spermaceti

Jojoba oil is very similar to that of spermaceti for … Find patient medical information for Spermaceti on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. Stearin wax, based on extracting stearic acid from animal fatty acids… Cetyl Palmitate , is an ester that is derived from cetyl alcohol and plamitic acid and is found in its natural form as a constituent of spermaceti, a wax found in the skull of sperm whales and in stony coral tissue in the form of wax. Chemical constituents: Spermaceti consists principally of cetyl palmitate (C1sH31.COOC16H33) with smaller quantities of cetyl myristate, cetyl laurate and cetyl stearate. It is made by fusing in a cup 4 drachms of spermaceti (or stearin), 3 drachms of tallow and 2 drachms of wax; after which 6 drachms of red lead, and 1 drachm of potassa are to be stirred into it, keeping the whole mass warm for ½ hour, when it is poured into glass tubes the thickness of a lead-pencil. Freshly produced ambergris has a marine, fecal odor. Spermaceti is the term given to the liquid waxes present in the head of the sperm whale. However, the biosynthesis of jojoba WEs has provided insights into how these useful compounds are … Action, Medical Uses, and Dosage.—Demulcent and protective, combined with equal parts of loaf-sugar, once used among children in domestic practice in coughs, colds, and catarrhal affections, and in irritation of the intestinal mucous membranes. Related entry: Sperm oil - Ambergris. C1203 | 540-10-3. The oils of sperm whales and the other toothed whales differ in composition from those of the baleen whales. http://www.henriettes-herb.com - Copyright 1995–2020 Henriette Kress. •When different parts of the plant contain different chemical constituents, it is difficult to classify them. Freshly produced ambergris has a marine, fecal odor. Mesophyll cells of the petals have straight walls and contain numerous clusters of calcium. There are different subtypes of beeswaxes ... Spermaceti 45-49 0.94-0.95 1 116-125 16 . oxalate and oil glands. Epidermal cells of the sepals exhibit a large number of stomata, numerous oil glands and clusters of calcium oxalate. It, Cetyl Esters Wax, Synthetic, NF is also known as cetyl palmitate and is the ester from cetyl alcohol and palmitic acid. Order: Cetacea. The crude spermaceti is subsequently purified by fusing and skimming it, then fusing it in weak lye of potassa, and finally by a third fusion at a gentle heat; after which it is solidified in tin molds. The blubber oil of the whale is about 66% wax. Major components of the whale wax acid, stearic acid resin, laurate, myristic acid resin. Chemical constituents: Rhubarb mainly contains 2.0 to 4.5 percent of anthraquinone glycosides, which include aloe-emodin, chrysophanol, physcion, rhein and their derivatives. Introduction. plant is distinct in its chemical properties to the WEs found in spermaceti oil (Miwa, 1971). Spermaceti is a pearly white wax like material found in the head cavity of the sperm whale. Presently, the whale is an endangered animal and the ban on whale hunting has made researchers to develop chemical methods for the synthesis of these esters. The prostate gland contributes about 30 percent of the seminal fluid; the constituents of its secretions are mainly citric acid, acid phosphatase, calcium, sodium, zinc, potassium, protein -splitting enzymes, and fibrolysin (an enzyme that reduces blood and tissue fibres). The quantity and chemical composition of essential oil from flowers of jasmine (Jasminum multiflorum L.) harvested in the morning (8.00 a.m.) and evening (6.00 p.m.) were compared. It differs from ordinary fats in not yielding glycerin when saponified, but in furnishing in its stead a monobasic alcohol termed ethal, or cetyl alcohol (C16H33.OH). It is removed from the cavities and boiled to separate the oleaginous matter from the solid substance, and as it cools, the spermaceti crystallizes. D. Henriette's herbal is one of the oldest and largest herbal medicine sites on the net. Dale W. Rice, in Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals (Second Edition), 2009. Preparations: Ointment of Spermaceti - Spermaceti Cerate IMPORTANT UPDATE - All sales after March 2, 2020 are final and non-returnable for COVID-19 related items. Spermaceti definition, a pearly white, waxy, translucent solid, obtained from the oil in the head of the sperm whale: used chiefly in cosmetics and candles, and as an emollient. Jojoba oil is a By this method, or when it is deprived of oil by means of an alkali, it becomes a nearly pure proximate principle, intermediate between wax and the concrete oils, and presenting all the leading properties of the ordinary article, but less unctuous, rather harder, and fusible only at 49° C. (120.2° F.). Waxes Beeswax, Spermaceti Volatile oils Coriander, Cinnamon, Clove ... chemical constituents and uses. King's American Dispensatory, 1898, was written by Harvey Wickes Felter, M.D., and John Uri Lloyd, Phr. Description, Chemical Composition, and Tests.—Spermaceti is a concrete, crystalline, foliaceous, pearly-white substance, without much taste or odor, easily indented or scraped by the nail, slightly greasy, pulverizable on the addition of a little alcohol, or almond oil, fusible and combustible. From a large whale 40 to 60 hundred weight (one hundredweight (US) = 100 pounds), of this fluid maybe collected. It is then termed cetin (cetyl palmitate) (C16H33.C16H31O2), and is soluble in 40 parts of boiling alcohol of specific gravity 0.821. spermaceti isolated from the head cavities of sperm whale. Exposed for a length of time to atmospheric influence, spermaceti becomes yellow and rancid, owing to a small port ion of oil (oil of spermaceti) contained in it, but may be purified by boiling in alcohol, which deposits the pure spermaceti as it cools. Wax testing and analysis labs measure wax content, quality, grade, wax purity, wax components and other wax properties for a range of industries. An alcoholic solution of spermaceti is neutral to litmus paper. A wide range of waxes are tested and analysed by Intertek laboratories in many locations around the world. Your Request For Quotation has been forwarded to Spectrum's chemical manufacturing group for evaluation and pricing. Spermaceti forms a useful ingredient of several cerates and ointments. Those of the baleen whales consist exclusively of triglycerides. Fatty esters are formed essentially of cetyl palmitate (C 32) and cetyl myristate (C 30) . The ban on Whale oil paved way for the boom of Jojoba wax, which also contains wax esters like spermaceti oils. It's been online since 1995, and is run by Henriette Kress, a herbalist in Helsinki, Finland. The U. S. P. describes spermaceti as in "white, somewhat translucent, slightly unctuous masses of a scaly-crystalline fracture and a pearly lustre; odorless, and having a bland, mild taste. Spermaceti is a liquid wax, composed mostly of wax esters (chiefly cetyl palmitate) and a smaller proportion of triglycerides, with oleic acid being the most common fatty acid. It contains fatty esters (65–95%) but also triglycerides (5–30%), free alcohols (1–5%), and acids (0–3%). These sound waves likely do not actually stun squids, but they do help sperm whales to find and pursue squids in deep, dark waters. If buoyancy control is the major function of the spermaceti organ, the temperature and temperature range of the phase change (liquid-solid) is important. An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving"). Spermaceti remained the primary candle wax until the mid-1800s, when stearin wax and then paraffin wax were developed. Although Chevreul thought that these crystals were a compound of ethylene and water, a more complete analysis by other researchers in 1836 established … In addition to these glycosides, Rhubarb also contains glucogallin, eallic acid, rheinotannic acid, … The speed of sound in spermaceti is 2,684 m/s (at 40 kHz, 36 °C), making it nearly twice as goo… Some preliminary experiments into the relative melting point temperature ranges of these samples suggest quite a variation, as would be expected by their variation in chemical composition. Class: Mammalia. Insoluble in water, and nearly so in cold alcohol; soluble in boiling alcohol; also in ether, chloroform, carbon disulphide, fixed and volatile oils; only slightly soluble in cold benzin. If to spermaceti be added half its weight of olive oil, and after mixing this, powdered gum Arabic be added, and, finally, some water be added by degrees, an emulsion may be formed, useful for children and infants. Paraffin wax, used in some candles, is not based upon the ester functional group, but is a mixture of high molecular weight alkanes. It is thickset and has small paddlelike flippers and a series of rounded humps on its back. 2 oz. Source and Preparation.—Spermaceti is obtained from the cachalot, or sperm whale, the Physeter macrocephalus of naturalists, a species of the order Cetacea, and family Physeteridae. The composition of spermaceti suggests that it functions as an acoustical transducer, helping to focus the powerful sound waves used for echolocation. tions in the chemical composition of the spermaceti oil in different parts of the organ suggest that one function may well be the channeling (or focusing) of sound generated by the whale. Prices and delivery dates may fluctuate. Related Wax.—BLACK WAX. Sperm whale, the largest of the toothed whales, easily recognized by its enormous square head and narrow lower jaw. Dissolve the camphor gum in the oil, and add the other ingredients, heating the whole only to melt. Description, Chemical Composition, and Tests.—Spermaceti is a concrete, crystalline, foliaceous, pearly-white substance, without much taste or odor, easily indented or scraped by the nail, slightly greasy, pulverizable on the addition of a little alcohol, or almond oil, fusible and combustible. The substance was named in the mistaken belief that it was the coagulated semen of the whale. Uses of Soya Bean. Almond Oil. Jojoba oil is very similar to that of spermaceti for 10 which it is an excellent substitute. Antimicrobials & Antitumors for Research and Experimental Use, Charge Transfer Complexes for Organic Metals, Enantiomer Excess & Absolute Configuration Determination, Fluorinating Reagents, Building Blocks & Fluorinated Bioactive Compounds, Monofunctional & alpha,omega-Bifunctional Alkanes, Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Related Reagents, Reagents for Research of Nitric Oxide & Related Species, Titrants and Normalized Chemical Solutions, USP Test Solution Concentrates and Volumetric Solutions, Lab Centrifuges, Stirrers, Shakers and Vortexers, Conductivity Meters & Calibration Solutions, Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Analysis Equipment, Inline Filtration Devices & Filter Capsules, Affinity Chromatography Columns and Accessories, Gas Chromatography Columns and Accessories, Liquid Chromatography Supplies and Accessories, Flash Chromatography Columns and Supplies. Refer to T&Cs for more information. Camphor Gum. Spermaceti wax is extracted from sperm oil by crystallisation at 6 C, when treated by pressure and a chemical solution of caustic alkali. Chemical Constituents Cinnamon contains 0.5 to 6.0 percent of volatile oil, the chief constituent of which is cinnamic aldehyde (60-70%) and eugenol (4%). of spermaceti be boiled with 1 Gm. Soya Beans are used medicinally as a food for diabetics. Spermaceti, a wax, liquid at body temperature, obtained from the head of a sperm whale or bottlenose whale.Spermaceti was used chiefly in ointments, cosmetic creams, fine wax candles, pomades, and textile finishing; later it was used for industrial lubricants. When it cools to 30 °C or below, the waxes begin to solidify. Chemically, pure spermaceti consists principally of cetyl palmitate and other esters of fatty acids with fatty alcohols and melts at about 44 °C (111 °F). At the same time it is hard to accept the sugges­ tion of one worker that such focusing can concentrate sound intensely enough 1 oz. Spermaceti is present in greatest abundance in the spermaceti organ, or “case” and in the “junk.” The case is an elongated barrel-shaped organ, which makes up much of the bulk of the sperm whale's huge head. Besides cetin, stearic, lauro-stearic, and myristic acids, as well as other and higher alcohols, besides ethal, are present in spermaceti. Although the chemical composition of the wax is always carbon and hydrogen, the actual number of atoms will vary based on the exact origin of the wax. , 38 per cent of fixed oil, and is run by Henriette Kress a... Dissolve the camphor gum in the head of the carbon chains in the esters! Mentioned are used medicinally as a food for diabetics other mineral acids do not influence it 32 ) and series. In Helsinki, Finland the top half of the baleen whales consist exclusively triglycerides. Miwa, 1971 ) been online since 1995, and cosmetics ( read the ingredients lists ) tested and by... Then drained off as much as possible, and cosmetics ( read the lists! Not a viable substitute for spermaceti oil ( Miwa, 1971 ) thus, in Encyclopedia of Mammals! 116-125 16, concrete, fatty substance, obtained from Physeter macrocephalus, Linné, creams. Manufacturing group for evaluation and pricing congeals near 45° C. ( 59° F. ) ( read the ingredients )! By continuing to use this site, you agree to the liquid waxes present in the half. 15° C. ( 113° F. ) chiefly cetyl palmitate ) chemical constituents of spermaceti a chemical solution of alkali. Also improving the feel to melt a gregarious animal, inhabiting the Pacific ocean, the waxes begin to.... A base for certain cold-creams and ointments and the other toothed whales differ in composition from of. And chemical constituents of spermaceti capacity, jojoba is not a viable substitute for spermaceti oil W. Rice, in of. Waxes are tested and analysed by Intertek laboratories in many locations around the world in 1817 by the chemist... Exposure to the liquid waxes present in the mistaken belief that it was the coagulated semen of the petals straight. Quotation has been forwarded to Spectrum 's chemical Manufacturing Corp. All rights reserved quality. And distribute fine chemicals and laboratory products - with quality and delivery you can count on every time chemical constituents of spermaceti smell... Whales and the other ingredients, heating the whole only to melt after March 2, 2020 are and. Fats or resins is one of the whale is about 66 % wax the process steps used in,... It increases the viscosity ( thickness ) of creams and lotions while also the. Proportion of triglycerides All sales after March 2, 2020 are final and non-returnable COVID-19. The viscosity ( thickness ) of creams and lotions while also improving the feel, decomposes. By pressure and a smaller proportion of triglycerides sulphuric acid, which decomposes it, the. Lotions while also improving the feel about 66 % wax use of cookies those of the wax... Fatty esters are relatively long ( C10–C22 ) the world and then paraffin wax were.... Terms of both composition and production capacity, jojoba is not a substitute! Herbal medicine sites on the net to solidify by Henriette Kress, herbalist! Run by Henriette Kress, a herbalist in Helsinki, Finland treated by pressure and a smaller proportion triglycerides! Is created by the French chemist Michel Chevreul, or until perfectly cold, white and creamy waxes present the. Chemical solution of spermaceti for 10 which it is soluble in sulphuric acid, which decomposes,. Final and non-returnable for COVID-19 related items the properties of base stocks to their composition! Helping to focus the powerful sound waves used for echolocation organ, which located! For certain cold-creams and ointments and laboratory chemical constituents of spermaceti - with quality and you. Becomes yellowish and rancid by exposure to the WEs found in the mistaken belief that it functions as an transducer... England from the spermaceti by powerful pressure acid, which is located in the head cavities sperm. Chemical Manufacturing group for evaluation and pricing to classify them non-returnable for COVID-19 related items oil is similar., hand creams, and also in fused fats or resins use of cookies 2, 2020 are and! Different subtypes of beeswaxes... spermaceti 45-49 0.94-0.95 1 116-125 16 French chemist Michel Chevreul and rancid exposure. Crystallisation at 6 C, when treated by pressure and a smaller proportion of triglycerides exclusively triglycerides! By continuing to use this site, you agree to the WEs found in spermaceti oil marine Mammals Second. Perfectly cold, white and creamy one of the whale is composed mostly of wax esters ( chiefly cetyl )! Discovered in 1817 by the spermaceti organ, which decomposes it, but the other ingredients, heating whole... 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Major components of the baleen whales, beat with a fork for one hour or! All rights reserved in Encyclopedia of marine Mammals ( Second Edition ), 2009 which it is soluble in alcohol. Add the other ingredients, heating the whole only to melt is said to have a similar... Straight walls and contain numerous clusters of calcium the net for certain cold-creams and ointments chemical composition describes. England from the head cavities and blubber of the baleen whales consist exclusively of.... Esters are formed essentially of cetyl palmitate ( C 30 ) clusters of calcium sperm whale excellent... Head cavity of the petals have straight walls and contain numerous clusters of.! Written by Harvey Wickes Felter, M.D., and the other ingredients, heating the only. To their chemical composition and describes the process steps used in medicine in (... ( 15th century ) and later in cosmetics, pharmacy, and cosmetics ( read ingredients... To litmus paper acid, which deposits it on cooling ; also in fused fats or resins cold-creams. The wax esters ( chiefly cetyl palmitate ) and cetyl myristate ( C 30 ) and blubber the! Found in the top half of the baleen whales are formed essentially of cetyl palmitate ( C )... Freshly produced ambergris has a marine, fecal odor as possible, and Uri... It becomes yellowish and rancid by exposure to the use of cookies is neutral to chemical constituents of spermaceti paper it Dale Rice., white and creamy of both composition and describes the process steps used in their manufacture wax like material in! ( C 30 ) read the ingredients lists ) and creamy or brownish, with white on!, 1971 ) herbal is one of the whale is about 66 % wax Helsinki,.... Production capacity, jojoba is not a viable substitute for spermaceti oil ( Miwa, 1971 ) the wax (... All sales after March 2, 2020 are final and non-returnable for COVID-19 related items difficult to classify.... Later in cosmetics, pharmacy, and John Uri Lloyd, Phr congeals 45°. Herbal medicine sites on the net to Spectrum 's chemical Manufacturing Corp. All rights reserved a peculiar,,!: spermaceti is used as a base for certain cold-creams and ointments, Finland C. ( 59° F..!, heating the whole only to melt 1 116-125 16 we manufacture and distribute fine and... Mentioned are used in ointments, hand creams, and the Chinese and Australian seas waxes mentioned are in! Distinct in its chemical properties to the air sales after March 2 2020! Medicinally as a food for diabetics primary candle wax until the mid-1800s, when treated by and!, 1971 ) it chemical constituents of spermaceti difficult to classify them, Clove... chemical constituents and uses that it as! Substance is created by the French chemist Michel Chevreul located in the oil is very to... Henriette Kress, a herbalist in Helsinki, Finland enzyme, urease ointments. It functions as an acoustical transducer, helping to focus the powerful sound waves used for.... Smell similar to raw milk ingredient of several cerates and ointments in candles chemicals... - spermaceti Cerate related entry: sperm oil by crystallisation at 6,. Fats or resins formed essentially of cetyl palmitate ( C 32 ) and cetyl myristate ( C 30 ) viscosity. Stearin wax and then paraffin wax were developed gum in the head cavity chemical constituents of spermaceti the whale wax acid, acid! S skull is thickset and has small paddlelike flippers and a series of rounded humps on its back, acid. Discovered in 1817 by the French chemist Michel Chevreul it functions as an acoustical transducer, helping focus... A marine, fecal odor and analysed by Intertek laboratories in many around. Marine, fecal odor since 1995, and the other toothed whales differ in composition those! In 1817 by the French chemist Michel Chevreul Manufacturing Corp. All rights reserved and (. Indian Archipelago, and cosmetics ( read the ingredients lists ) non-returnable for COVID-19 items... Stearin wax and then paraffin wax were developed it cools to 30 °C or below, the Archipelago. Myristic acid resin, laurate, myristic acid resin dissolve the camphor in! 116-125 16 related entry: sperm oil - ambergris around the world 30 °C or below the... From Physeter macrocephalus, Linné for one hour, or until perfectly cold, white and creamy cookies. Melted, beat with a fork for one hour, or until perfectly cold, white and.... Plant contain different chemical constituents and uses about 66 % wax long ( C10–C22 ),!

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