nonconsequentialist moral theories say that the rightness of an action:

Learn faster with spaced repetition. B)doing one's duty for duty's sake. A consequentialist theory of value judges the rightness or wrongness of an action based on the consequences that action has. D)Nonconsequentialists deny that consequences have any moral significance. These theories can be classified as either non-consequentialist or consequentialist theories. Nonconsequentialist (or deontological) theories: Those that determine the moral rightness or wrongness of an action based on the action’s intrinsic features or character. Deontological ethics is a theory of morality based on a “nonconsequentialist” view of people and moral decision-making. Besides, anyone who wants to pick out a smaller set of moral theories that excludes this absurd theory may talk about evaluative consequentialism, which is the claim that moral rightness depends only on the value of the consequences. C)obedience to moral laws. C) Consequentialism says that the moral rightness of an action is determined solely by its results. answer. God's commands dictate right and wrong—what He says to do is right, and what He says not to do is wrong. Consequentialist moral theories see the moral rightness or wrongness of actions as a function of their results. B) Utilitarianism is an egoistic normative theory. a. adherence to duty b. consequences c. ability to promote happiness d. adherence to religious doctrine. Nonconsequentialist moral theories say that the rightness of an action. Thus, teleological theories focus on the consequences of actions; in other words, this theorizes that our actions being morally right or wrong depends on the good or evil generated. A moral theory that judges the rightness of abortion by the end result of the action is: A)nonconsequentialist. D)consequentialist. 6. In “ Absolutist Moral Theories and Uncertainty,” The Journal of Philosophy 103, no. The only accurate statement about consequentalism is: A) Utilitarianism is a nonconsequentialist ethical theory. D) Nonconsequentialists deny that consequences have any moral significance. B)reflective. It can become a premise for your argument. Nussbaum’s theory, then, emphasizes the moral importance of the individual. C)Consequentialism says that the moral rightness of an action is determined solely by its results. It is based solely on what God says. However, nonconsequentialist theories see other factors as also relevant to the determination of right and wrong. Nonconsequentialism is a type of normative ethical theory that denies that the rightness or wrongness of our conduct is determined solely by the goodness or badness of the consequences of our acts or of the rules to which those acts conform. The difference is pretty clear between the two, consequentialist ethics cares more on the results of the action and nonconsequentialist ethics cares more of the motive of the action. Pettit presented an argument pointing to the strength of consequentialism … 3. a. The most familiar example would be utilitarianism--``that action is best that produces the greatest good for the greatest number'' (Jeremy Bentham). Consequentialist Moral Theories vs Deontological Moral Theories Contemporary consequentialist theories are mainly divided between act-consequentialism and ruleconsequentialism. 4. B)Utilitarianism is an egoistic normative theory. A consequentialist moral theory determines the rightness of an action solely by its_____. A moral code is a set of rules. The only accurate statement about consequentalism is: A)Utilitarianism is a nonconsequentialist ethical theory. Consequentializing Moral Theories* DOUGLAS W. PORTMORE BROADLY CONSTRUED ... that any remotely plausible nonconsequentialist theory can be consequentialized. Study Chapter 2: Bioethics And Moral Theories flashcards from Terel Jackson's OSU class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or Android app. C)rule-guided. Deontology comes from the Greek word for “duty.” Thus, deontological ethics maintains that actions are not justified by their consequences. If the consequences are sufficiently good, the action is right; if they are sufficiently bad, the action is wrong. What is utilitarianism? Find more ways to say rightness, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. So although her theory gives a central place to the idea of flourishing, it is not a brand of utilitarianism. Then those who want to talk about the even smaller group of moral theories that accepts both evaluative consequentialism and agent-neutrality may … I know that some people believe that this way of thinking is right, but I’m not one of them. answer. A deontological moral theory is also known as a _____. between rightness and wrongness, and (b) is consonant with the noncon-sequentialist tenet that rightness criteria must be grounded in the moral value of various kinds of action. Moral Legalism—The moral rightness of acts is determined solely by rules, principles, or commandments. Specifically, the rightness of an action depends on the amount of good it produces. Nonconsequentialist moral theories say that the rightness of an action does not depend entirely on its consequences. The suggestions developed above are that we would want a deontological moral theory to show why certain acts are wrong on the basis of an independently justified theory of rightness—in this case, the theory that what makes an action permissible is that its maxim can be universalized without contradiction in willing or conception. Find Flashcards. morally right or wrong. In moral philosophy, deontological ethics or deontology (from Greek: δέον, 'obligation, duty' + λόγος, 'study') is the normative ethical theory that the morality of an action should be based on whether that action itself is right or wrong under a series of rules, rather than based on the consequences of the action. I’m a consequentialist (utilitarian), and I can explain how this effects my life. Brainscape. It depends primarily on the nature of the action itself. ethical egoism? Consequential Ethical theory It is a part of normative ethical theories and it means that the consequence of ones behavior is an ultimate mean for anyone to judge the rightness or wrongness of that behavior. Stated in our textbooks was “consequentialist [think] that the rightness of an action depends entirely on the effects of the action,” I see this as wrong because it is basically saying that the ends justify the means of something (102). Deontology is thus a theory of moral obligation, and it encompasses moral theories that emphasize a person's rights and duties. Kantian ethics is decidedly non-consequentialist. answer. According to act-consequentialism, each person is morally required on every occasion to act in such a way as to make the greatest possible net contribution to the overall good. 3. Thus, from a consequentialist standpoint, a morally right act (or omission from acting) is one that will produce a good outcome. Q 5 Q 5. does not depend entirely on its consequences. question . The rightness of an action depends on the amount of good it produces. Consequentialist and Nonconsequentialist Theories Consequentialist theories: Those that determine the moral rightness or wrongness of an action based on the action’s consequences or results. The morally right action is the one that results in the most favorable balance of good over bad. A consequentialist theory may define the good as: A)adherence to a moral code. Two Views about the Criteria of Moral Rightness. Ethical egoism says that the morally right action is the one that produces the most favorable balance of good over evil for oneself. I can’t say “Murder is wrong,” because that’s a rule, and consequentialist ethics aren’t based on rules. o And nonconsequentialist (or deontological Nonconsequentialist moral theories say that the rightness of an action does not depend entirely on its consequences. There are lots of good answers, here. How can a moral theory be used in a moral argument? Unlock to view answer. Consequentialist theories often base moral judgements on the results of engaging in a particular action and are often based on intended outcomes, the aims or the goals of the undertaken action. The recipe for consequentializing a nonconsequentialist theory is simple: Take whatever considerations that the nonconsequentialist theory holds to be relevant to determining the deontic status of an action and … It is sometimes described as duty-, obligation-, or rule-based ethics. In moral philosophy, consequentialism is the view that the rightness of an action is based solely on its consequences. Rather, factors other than good outcomes determine the “rightness” of actions. The divine command theory says that an act is moral if it follows the command of God. Helps both in strategic planning and decision-making to develop full awareness of the situation. Another word for rightness. A moral theory explains what makes an action right or a person or thing good. Theory of Moral Right and Wrong (aka. Non-consequentialism, therefore, is the view that the rightness of an action is not based solely on its consequences. Consequentialist moral theories say that what makes an action right is its. Theory of Moral Rightness, Theory of Moral Obligation)—a general statement of the criteria that determine whether any action is . And it is not based on the consequence of the action. Consequentialism is a class of normative, teleological ethical theories that holds that the consequences of one's conduct are the ultimate basis for any judgment about the rightness or wrongness of that conduct. The term was coined by Jeremy Bentham in 1814, and he believed that deontology was a way to marshall self-interested reasons for agents to act for the general good, but Bentham believed that following a strict moral code of behavior was in fact for the general … It does not deny that consequences can be a factor in determining the rightness of an act. 6. 2. True. Morality is not based on human intent or human nature or human character. Free. True. In consequentalist ethics, the morality or immorality of an action is determined by the outcome of that action; the question to be asked is, "Was the result of the action ethically valid?" Close Knowledge Genome TM Brainscape Certified Browse over 1 million classes created by top students, professors, publishers, and experts, spanning the world's body of "learnable" knowledge. 6 (June 2006): 267 –83, Frank Jackson and Michael Smith argue that absolutist nonconsequentialist moral theorists cannot define a workable account of what it would be … question. But the non-consequentialist would say that there was no moral deed because there was no ethical intention. There are several variants of non-consequentialist approach such as Divine Command Theory; Natural Rights Theory etc. Teleological ethics is a theory according to which the rightness of an act is determined by its outcome. (1985) Weakness of will and the free-rider problem. Multiple Choice . In fact, the word teleological comes from Greek telos, meaning end or goal, and logos meaning science. Yes, by testing moral theories the way we test any other theory—by applying criteria of adequacy to a theory and its competitors to use in arguments. So, from the perspective of a consequentialist an ethically right act is the one that will inherit good outcome or consequence. * I am grateful for helpful comments by Eleonora Cresto, Martin Farrell, Frances Myrna Kamm, Benjamin Kiesewetter, Hartmut Kliemt, Eduardo Rivera Lopez, Thomas Schmidt, Ted Sichelman, and other members of the … About consequentalism is: a ) Utilitarianism is a theory of morality based on a nonconsequentialist..., no moral theory explains what makes an action is: a ) adherence to duty b. c.. So, from the perspective of a consequentialist ( utilitarian ), and i can explain this! 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